The Department of Education’s new Division of Instructional Development began operations as a result of a study of organization and administration by a team of professional management consultants. Various educational program activities, which formerly functioned as separate offices, were brought into the division for better coordination and articulation of program.
The Division of Instructional Television, the Office of Testing and Evaluation, and the Office of Health and Physical Education were included in Instruction Development. Also placed in the division were specialists working on such federally funded programs as the Bilingual/Bicultural Project, Project Pacific, Project Read, and Project Ula, the specialist for vocational education, and two artists.
The division experienced some growing pains and difficulties in individual adjustment to new roles and new relationships within the Department, due to scattered office space and a cutback of personnel in the nucleus of the division.
In spite of constraints, the work done by the staff of Instruction Development has attracted the attention of educators in other parts of the Pacific in the United States. Several books developed especially for students in American Samoa, such as ‘The Sea’, ‘Samoa Is Changing’ and various Samoan language readers are now being used in other educational systems.
Educators in two states are interested in modifications that American Samoa has made in Samoan Curriculum in Science (SCIS) materials, and a state consultant is considering the possibility of using Samoa’s Secondary English as a Second Language (ESL) materials in bilingual / bicultural situations in Rhode Island.
Several instructional television series developed by Instruction Development will be used in Micronesia in the near future, and various materials for teaching English as a second language developed by the DID are being asked for and used in other Pacific education systems.
PUBLIC SERVICES TELEVISION
Major changes in the way the Government of American Samoa administers Television Station KVZK were made during Fiscal Year 1976. The station was separated from the Department of Education and an Office of Television Operations was created, directly under the Governor’s Office.
Through implementation of cost-saving techniques, elimination of unnecessary positions, and a general tightening up of the entire operation, a nearly 50 per cent budget reduction was accomplished with almost no effect on TV services.
A full-time staff of 30 now provides three channels of instructional television during every school day—working with employees of the Department of Education’s Division of Instructional Development, who handle curriculum and scheduling—and two channels of community television evenings and weekends.
Local production includes a bilingual newscast daily, current events programs on a regular basis in both English and Samoan, and Samoan entertainment and religious programs. The television staff also provided live coverage during the year of major events such as the Department of Education’s Bicentennial Salute and American Samoa’s gala Fourth of July celebrations.
Television continues to be extremely popular with the people of American Samoa. It is estimated that between 5,000 and 6,000 TV sets are now in use I private homes, about 20 per cent of them color. Television is a major—perhaps the major—source of information and entertainment for the territory’s approximately 30,000 residents. Indeed , there is probably no other community anywhere under the U.S. flag where non-commercial, public television plays such a vital role as it does in American Samoa.
KVZK-TV continued to be supported during the year by a Community Service Grant from the Corporation of Public Broadcasting. All other funds came from the Government of American Samoa, which through the Department of Education is the licensee of KVZK-TV.
The station is a member of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and is also an affiliate of the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). In addition, selected programs from the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) are broadcast under an agreement with ABC Sports. All programming is either tape of film-delayed, except local production, and virtually all programs are broadcast in color.